Ethiopia

Photo by Pathfinder Ethiopia

Pathfinder’s work greatly expanded in 1995, with the opening of our Ethiopia country office. Serving an area that encompasses 85 percent of the population, including many people living in remote, rural areas, our programs are pioneering and effective.

Photo by Michelle Badah

Mengistu Asnake, Pathfinder’s Ethiopia Country Representative, knows progress has been made. He remembers the state of reproductive health in 1990, when the country’s contraceptive prevalence rate was a mere 3%.

Photo by Sala Lewis

He recalls visiting a group of women in a rural village. “They had all been married by 15, had an average of 7 or 8 children, and believed pregnancy needed to occur every year—to prove their fertility to their husbands and community.”

Photo by Sala Lewis

“In the last few years, we’ve seen a significant shift,” he says. Preliminary data from the 2011 DHS show that the CPR increased by almost 30%. This makes Ethiopia one of only 3 countries to document a percentage change of this magnitude.

Photo by Elizabeth Oliveras

Today, our partnerships with governments, local NGOs, and communities are leading to advances in maternal and child health; postabortion care; services for young people and those affected by HIV and AIDS; and family planning.

Photo by Sala Lewis

More women can access the services they need, thanks to the government of Ethiopia; mobilization of donor resources; and strong collaboration with civil-society organizations, the private sector, and international nonprofits, like Pathfinder.

Pathfinder International works to improve access to, and the quality of, reproductive health and family planning information and services in several of the Ethiopia's most populous regions.

Why Pathfinder Works in Ethiopia

Ethiopia faces a tremendous number of challenges to development, compounded by a rapidly growing population and a vast, rugged geographic expanse. Over 83 percent of the population resides in isolated, hard-to-reach villages, presenting major difficulties in health care and service delivery. Harmful traditional practices-like female genital cutting and early marriage-make gender inequality highly visible, limiting educational and employment opportunities for women and girls. Ethiopia has the second largest population in sub-Sahara Africa, with the average woman bearing 4.8 children, placing an insupportable burden on families, communities and a country facing chronic food shortages and environmental degradation. Additionally, the need for increased access to family planning and reproductive health care is demonstrated by Ethiopia's high rate of maternal mortality and low rate of contraceptive use. And while Ethiopia's HIV prevalence rate is lower than many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV and AIDS continue to impact communities and the health systems on which they depend.

In the 1950s, Pathfinder supported the establishment of the first family planning and reproductive health clinic in Ethiopia by providing funds to what is now known as the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia. By providing technical and financial assistance, Pathfinder helped expand community-based family planning and service delivery through a community distribution network managed by local civil society organizations and the private sector. Today, Pathfinder supports the Ethiopian government's community-based health extension program, providing technical assistance and financial support at federal, regional, zonal, district, facility, and community levels.

While 45 percent of births in urban areas of Ethiopia are attended by skilled health personnel, this is true for only 3 percent of births in rural areas.

Evidence for Decision-Making

A key aspect of Pathfinder's approach to systems' strengthening is collecting evidence that enables public, private, and community partners to make informed health-related decisions. In Ethiopia, examples of the kinds of evidence we collect range from "total number of marriages for women under age 18 that are postponed or cancelled by marriage conciliation committees " and "couple-years of protection disaggregated by family planning method type, including condoms, oral contraceptives, Depo-Provera, implants (Jadelle and Implanon), intrauterine devices, tubal ligation, and vasectomy " to "the total number of religious and community leaders trained on issues relating to gender, harmful traditional practices, and gender-based violence." Some illustrative data from Ethiopia's Integrated Family Health Program include:

  • Pathfinder and its partners provide family planning and maternal, newborn and child health services to an area of Ethiopia containing 34 million people, almost 40 percent of the country's population.
  • More than 12,000 early marriages canceled or deferred
  • Over 3,600 community and religious leaders sensitized on health and gender issues
  • Nearly 8,000 young people trained as peer educators
  • Over 11 million new family planning acceptors
  • 160 youth-friendly sites established
  • Nearly 1.5 million visits to youth-friendly sites

Building Capacity, Strengthening Systems

While the government of Ethiopia should be lauded with having taken the bold and expensive undertaking of expanding health services in the country through a community-based health extension program, the government acknowledges that the quality of services leaves room for improvement. Supplies of contraceptives, drugs, and medical supplies overall is sporadic at best due to lack of resources, weak infrastructure, and an inefficient distribution system. Service quality is poor because of the lack of technical know-how, poor management competencies, poor attitudes to provision of services, weak supportive supervision and follow-up, and lack of accountability and transparency standards.

Pathfinder supports the implementation of the National Health Sector Development Plan by partnering with the Federal Ministry of Health and the decentralized Regional Health Bureaus in four major populated regions of Ethiopia. Pathfinder works to improve both demand for health services by sensitizing and mobilizing rural communities on the importance of preventive health services and the quality of delivery of health services. Pathfinder provides material and financial support as well as training in health services management and improvement of data gathering, reporting tools, and supervision systems. Believing that the development of a nation can only be guaranteed if all sectors of society are given the opportunity to work and consult with each other collaboratively, Pathfinder assists the Ethiopian government, civil society, and private for-profit organizations working throughout the health sector. Pathfinder is committed to documenting experiences, lessons learned, and best practices to inform future project design and policy and procedural guidance.

DONATE NOW TO SUPPORT OUR WORK IN PLACES LIKE Ethiopia

Ethiopia faces a number of challenges: vast geographic expanse, hard-to-reach villages, and harmful traditional practices. Your gift of $25 or $50 supports our work to promote quality reproductive healthcare in Ethiopia.

Our Projects

Implants for Young People in Ethiopia

Young People's Empowerment in Reproductive Health Through Awareness and Service Expansion in Ethiopia (YERASEE)

Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health Contraception & Family Planning

As a part of the Integrated Family Health Program, YERASEE will build upon Pathfinder’s extensive work in Ethiopia to improve sexual and reproductive health services for young people (ages 10-24) throughout the country.

Integrated Family Health Program

Systems Strengthening Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health Maternal & Newborn Health HIV & AIDS Contraception & Family Planning

A USAID-funded program that supports the efforts of the Government of Ethiopia to improve family planning/reproductive health services and maternal and child health in four regions of the country.

Related Publications

December 2014

Change Starts Here: Pathfinder International 2014 Annual Report

We believe change starts with expertly trained providers and pharmacies that never run out of supplies. It starts with open conversations among women, young people, men, religious leaders, mothers-in-law, policymakers, and others, joining to discuss their beliefs and remove barriers to their health and well-being. Our 2014 Annual Report shows a few highlights of how Pathfinder has served as a catalyst for change over the past year.

September 2014

Strengthening Health Service Delivery in Ethiopia: The Integrated Family Health Program

Reflecting on the last five years of implementation, this technical brief shares how Pathfinder's IFHP has mobilized drivers for systems strengthening by prioritizing community needs and facilitating informed decision making.

August 2014

Strengthening the Continuum of Care for Fistula Prevention and Repair in Ethiopia

This technical brief explores Pathfinder's Integrated Family Health Program's approach, implementation experience, and lessons learned when addressing obstetric fistula in four program regions of Ethiopia.

July 2014

m4Youth: Providing Sexual and Reproductive Health Information to University Students and Peer Educators

Pathfinder is using m4youth, a free SMS service, to impact students’ knowledge of sexual and reproductive health, thereby increasing their utilization of services.

Related News

Commemorating White Ribbon Day in Ethiopia

Pathfinder’s Integrated Family Health Project in Ethiopia conducted a one-day panel discussion on gender-based violence.

Successful site visit to our Integrated Family Health Program in Ethiopia

Katie Taylor of USAID visits our IFHP program in Ethiopia
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