Why Pathfinder Works in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world-and growing. The current population of Bangladesh is projected to reach 230-250 million by 2050, even if replacement fertility is reached today. With more than 2,500 people per square mile, many Bangladeshis are landless or are forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land. About a third of the country floods during the monsoon season every year, creating a relief crisis and hampering regular development efforts. Bangladesh is also currently experiencing a nationwide shortage of trained health personnel with only five doctors for every 10,000 people on average and only one doctor per 10,000 people living in rural areas.
Bangladesh is declared by WHO as one of the 58 crisis countries facing an acute human resources for health crisis.
Pathfinder has been a leader in the reproductive health and family planning movement in Bangladesh since the early 1950s. Since that time, through more than 30 projects, Pathfinder has played a key role in helping Bangladesh develop and integrate its national family planning and maternal-child health programs, reach underserved populations, improve quality of services, and build the capacity of partner NGOs. The Pathfinder country office was established in 1978 and since then Pathfinder has implemented numerous projects focused on improving access to reproductive health care, contraception, and education. Of those projects, three were the largest health programs in the region during their implementation. From 1978 through 2011 Pathfinder has served about 14 percent of Bangladesh's population, urban and rural, in 61 of 64 districts.
Evidence for Decision-Making
A key aspect of Pathfinder's approach to systems' strengthening is collecting evidence that enables public, private and community partners to make informed health-related decisions. In Bangladesh, examples of the kinds of evidence we collect range from "the number of children receiving immunizations " and "the number of individuals who received management for sexually-transmitted or reproductive tract infection services" to "the number of children receiving treatment for diarrheal diseases or given referrals to other facilities." Some illustrative data from Pathfinder's work in Bangladesh suggests that:
- Pathfinder has worked with more than 60 NGOs, 319 static clinics, about 8,000 satellite clinics, 5,000 staff, and 6,000 community workers
- In 2006, under the Pathfinder-led USAID NGO Service Delivery Project, there were 22 million customer contacts at Smiling Sun clinics and 10 million customer visits for family planning
- Under Pathfinder's maternal health work from 2009-2011, 14,481 pregnant women registered and were provided with essential information regarding healthy deliveries and the warning signs and treatment for postpartum hemorrhage
- In the first two years of the Sustainable Health Services for Isolated Populations project, Pathfinder provided more than 24,000 health services to Bangladeshis living in one of the most remote areas of Bangladesh
Building Capacity, Strengthening Systems
In Bangladesh, Pathfinder provides technical assistance to non-governmental partner organizations to address the changing health needs of the country. Pathfinder ensures that staff are appropriately trained and qualified for the work they undertake. By partnering with local governments, businesses, NGOs, provider associations, universities, community organizations, and other institutions, Pathfinder creates innovative programs that are responsive to the health needs of individual communities. Our implementation approach involves working with specific target groups, such as community leaders and newlywed couples, to ensure a quality of care that is satisfactory to the people that we serve.
The NGO Health Service Delivery Project focuses on technical assistance and capacity building to local non-government organizations to manage and provide quality services reaching underserved populations in Bangladesh.
The purpose of the Working Paper Series is to disseminate work in progress by Pathfinder International staff on critical issues of population, reproductive health, and development.
In a year of remarkable achievement, including Pathfinder’s landmark victory at the US Supreme Court and our return to Bangladesh with a $53.8 million project, what was most exciting? The answer—integration—is the theme of Pathfinder’s 2013 Annual Report.
Matlab, a subdistrict of Bangladesh, is well known for its Demographic Surveillance System (DSS) and its Maternal Child Health Family Planning (MCH-family planning) project, which provides intensive family planning and maternal and child health services.
ESD Model: Mobilizing Muslim Imams and Religious Leaders as "Champions" of Reproductive Health and Family Planning
This paper depicts ESD's model for engaging religious leaders as "champions" of reproductive health and family planning, which is applied in Bangladesh, Nigeria, Pakistan and Yemen.
"As Mariam Bibi, near 30 with two children said in her own words, 'When I was pregnant the second time, my husband, a small trader was unable to take proper care for me. Moreover, our house is so far from upazila health complex, regular check-ups were not possible. In the mean time Surjer Hashi Clinic came forward to help me prevent health problems associated with pregnancy. They hung a red flag atop my house so that everybody could see and understand the need to help pregnant mothers like me.'"